Friday, June 26, 2009

Eight Parts of Speech (၀ါစဂၤ ရွစ္မ်ဳိး)



1
. Noun (နာမ္) (N)

What is
Noun? Noun is Name. အမည္ဟူသမွ်ကုိ နာမ္
Eg. Mg Mg, Ma Hla, student, book, university, home, world etc.



2. Pronoun (နာမ္စား) (Pron)

Noun-substitute
=နာမ္ေနရာတြင္ အစားသုံးေသာပုဒ္

Pronouns (နမ္စားမ်ား)
Subjective Objective Adjective Possessive Reflexive
I Me My Mine Myself
We Us Our Ours Ourselves
You You Your Yours Yourself/lves
He Him His His Himself
She Her Her Hers Herself
They Them Their Theirs Themselves
It It Its Its Itself


3. Adjective (နာမဝိေသသန) (Adj)

Noun-modifier
=နာမ္ကုိ အထူးျပဳေသာပုဒ္
Eg. Good, Clever, Handsome, Beautiful, Easy, Interesting etc.


4. Verb (ႀကိယာ) (V)

Doing Word
=အလုပ္လုပ္ေသာ စကားလုံး
Eg. Am, Is, Are/ Was, Were (V . Be)
Has, Have/ Had (V . Have)
Do, Speak, Read, Think etc. (V . Do)


5. Adverb (ႀကိယာဝိေသသန) (Adv)

Adjective, Adverb, Verb modifier
= နာမဝိေသသန၊ ႀကိယာဝိေသသနအခ်င္းခ်င္း၊ ႀကိယာကုိ အထူးျပဳေသာ စကားလုံး

(1)Adv-က Adj-ကုိ အထူးျပဳ ပုံစံ
Eg. This book is very (adv) good (adj).
It was a rather (adv)difficult (adj)question.
The answer is quite(adv) clear(adj).

(2) Adv- အခ်င္းခ်င္း အထူးျပဳ ပုံစံ
Eg. I see him so(adv) often(adv).
I am feeling quite(adv) well(adv) today.
He walks very(adv) slowly(adv).

(3) Adv- က V- ကုိ အထူးျပဳ ပုံစံ
Eg. He speaks(v) quickly(adv).
You should read(v) this book interestingly(adv).
He explained(v) this point clearly(adv).


6. Preposition (ဝိဘတ္ (သုိ႔) ေရွ့ေဆာင္ပုဒ္)(Prepo)

Relation word
= ဆက္စပ္ေပးေသာ စကားလုံး
Eg. In, On, At, To, From, With, Near etc.
She is in the classroom.
There is a book on the table.
I get up at 6 o’ clock every morning.


7. Conjunction (စကားဆက္) (Conj)

Joining word
=ဆက္ေပးေသာ စကားလုံး
Eg. And, Or, but, Because, If, After etc.
I went to a market and bought a notebook.
You can take it or leave it.
I did not go to school today because I was sick.


8. Interjection (အာေမဍိတ္) (Interj)

Expressing the sudden emotion
= ရုတ္တရက္ ခံစားခ်က္ကုိ ျမန္ျမန္ ဆန္ဆန္ ထုတ္ေဖာ္ျခင္း
Eg. Fine!
Well done!
Alas! ဒုကၡပါပဲ!
Oh my God!


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